2019-09-27 09:37:45 来源: 重庆实验台-重庆通风柜-重庆实验室家具_重庆哥尔摩科技有限公司 Hits: 146 2019-09-27 09:37:45 Source: Chongqing Experimental Bench-Chongqing Fume Hood-Chongqing Lab Furniture_Chongqing Golmud Technology Co., Ltd.
Matters needing attention in national laboratory construction
I. Difficult exploration of national laboratory construction in China
Starting from the National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory built on the University of Science and Technology of China in 1984 and the National Electron-Positron Collider Laboratory built on the Chinese Academy of Sciences, nearly 20 national laboratories have been established, covering the ocean, Aerospace, population and health, nuclear energy, new energy, advanced manufacturing, quantum regulation, protein research, agriculture, and rail transportation, etc. Among the national laboratories set up in the new century, only the Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology has achieved " Go raise. " Among them, 6 "National Laboratories (Preparations)" have been officially approved to establish "National Research Centers". Most of the reasons for the failure to prepare for the establishment of national laboratories have a great relationship with the failure to move beyond traditional disciplines and traditional scientific research management systems.Especially, the national laboratories established earlier were too narrow in scope and could not achieve long-term collaboration and coordination. Complete strategic tasks. Facing the current paradigm change of promoting technological innovation based on major infrastructure and the monopoly and blockade of developed countries on key technology fields, it is imperative to build a national laboratory to promote strategic, original, and basic technological innovation on its own strength. .
2. The characteristics of high-end leadership must be reflected in development positioning and task commitment
National laboratories should do top-level design, innovate organizational structures and management systems, break away from the decentralized, closed, and inefficient shortcomings that traditional scientific research systems tend to bring about, and build a large discipline span and organic integration, a large team size, strong coordination, and innovative vitality. Adequate and loose framework for moderate operation. National laboratories should no longer participate in general competitive project applications, both to avoid "unbalanced competition" with other innovation entities and to avoid possible management constraints, fragmented directions, and short-term innovation. At the same time, the government should guarantee adequate stability funding support and greater autonomy in the use of funds for national laboratories, and create a favorable environment for the realization of free exploration and independent research, and the stable operation of major public welfare scientific and technological innovation platforms. Especially in the early stage of construction, it is necessary to give full play to the advantages of government funds, actively undertake, actively connect with major national science and technology plans (such as Science and Technology Innovation 2030), and integrate external scientific research forces to jointly tackle key problems.
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